You are currently viewing HTML Introduction

HTML Introduction

First Lesson HTML Introduction

What is HTML?

HTML is the standard markup language for creating Web pages.

  • Furthermore HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language
  • Also HTML describes the structure of Web pages using markup
  • And HTML elements are the building blocks of HTML pages
  • Also HTML elements are represented by tags
  • Furthermore, HTML tags label pieces of content such as “heading”, “paragraph”, “table”, and so on
  • Browsers do not display the HTML tags, but use them to render the content of the page

A Simple HTML Example:

 <!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<title>Page Title</title>
</head>
<body>

<h1>My First Heading</h1>
<p>My first paragraph.</p>

</body>
</html> 

Example Explained

  • The <!DOCTYPE html> declaration defines this document to be HTML5
  • The <html> element is the root element of an HTML page
  • The <head> element contains meta information about the document
  • The <title> element specifies a title for the document
  • The <body> element contains the visible page content
  • The <h1> element defines a large heading
  • The <p> element defines a paragraph

HTML Tags

The HTML tags are element names surrounded by angle brackets:

<tagname>content goes here...</tagname>
  • HTML tags normally come in pairs like <p> and </p>
  • The first tag in a pair is the start tag, the second tag is the end tag
  • The end tag is written like the start tag, but with a forward slash inserted before the tag name

Tip: The start tag is also called the opening tag, and the end tag the closing tag.

Tip: The start tag is also called the opening tag, and the end tag the closing tag.

Web Browsers

In addThe purpose of a web browser (Chrome, IE, Firefox, Safari) is to read HTML documents and display them. The browser does not display the HTML tags, but uses them to determine how to display the document:

HTML Page Structure

Below is a visualization of an HTML page structure:

<html>
   <head>
    <title>Page title</title>
   </head>
 <body>
   <h1>This is a heading</h1>
   <p>This is a paragraph.</p>
   <p>This is another paragraph.</p>
 </body>
</html> 

HTML Versions

Since the early days of the web, there have been many versions of HTML:

VersionYear
HTML1991
HTML 2.01995
HTML 3.21997
HTML 4.011999
XHTML2000
HTML52014

Probably There is some reasons for developing the versions one of them is the security and fast loading is another reason. The latest version is HTML5 which could be defined with <!Doctype html > at the beginning of the file.



Consequently You could follow us at :

Website URL: https://www.safhatech.com/

Youtube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCIVzh6iykNowNcOUT5Gfasw

Twitter: http:// https://twitter.com/safhatech

Instegram: https://www.instagram.com/safhatech

Facebook: http:// https://www.facebook.com/Safhatech-487171875443687

Phone:967772223681

Appendix:

http://www.w3school.com/

Leave a Reply